Reproductive genetic testing has its primary role since the avoidance of the birth of a child with a severe and life-threatening condition. PGD provides with extensive details about the embryos. That goes beyond that fact whether ones are affected or perhaps are the carriers of a certain disease or disorder. For instance, PGD can be used for aneuploidy screening to decide on the embryos with the best chance to be implanted and further developed, to select embryos with a particular HLA type to act as tissue donors for a sick sibling or for gender selection.
Gender selection is allowed in Ukraine with the objective to avoid the transmission of sex-linked disease. Besides a possibility of using PGD for gender selection, followed by termination of the pregnancy or non-implantation, there are other techniques that may determine the gender of a child to be born, e.g. sperm sorting. Gender selection is generally approved by the Ukrainian regulation that governs assisted reproductive technologies.
There are two primary reasons why couples might want to turn to gender selection. The first one relies purely on gender preference. Generally, there is socio-cultural pressure to possess a male child because of many people value males over females. Another reason of gender selection is the selection of a child of the opposite gender from those already born, also referred to as selection for family balancing.
Even though some couples argued against gender selection, others argued that gender selection should be permitted to allow them greater chance of the composition of their families. Alternatively, Parents Life recommends a new prenatal diagnostic technique (e.g. non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT)), which offers another solution for those wanting such a selection.
As pointed above, the reasons behind different approaches regarding reproductive technologies generally cannot be predetermined or consistently predicted. However, there is an international trend in prohibiting gender selection for nonmedical purposes.
Even though it is identified by the international human rights that couples have wide discretion and liberty regarding reproductive choices, regulatory approaches adopted by many countries dictate that reproductive choices should be viewed along with other legalities. In addition, although reproductive rights entail the security of personal choice whether or not to procreate, it is debated whether this right features a substantial claim in figuring out what gender of child you will have.