With any outbreak, your main concern should be keeping yourself safe as well as your family. If you keep yourself safe, you are also reducing the spread. Both the CDC as well as the WHO recommend a few steps that everyone should take.
Washing Your Hands
Like with any illness, washing your hands is important. Make sure to wash with soap and hot water frequently. When washing your hands, you need to wash for at least twenty seconds. If soap and water aren’t available to you, you can use hand sanitizer. However, do not use a water-based one. Always use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. It is also important that you do not touch your mouth, eyes or nose with unwashed hands. This is extremely important if you’ve touched a shared surface or came in contact with another person. You may be asking when you should wash your hands. After all, you probably don’t think about it. you wash when your hands are dirty, but when you’re trying to be extra safe, follow this guide:
When you cough or sneeze,
Before you eat,
Before, during and after you prepare a meal,
When caring for anyone who is sick with anything,
After using the restroom,
After touching animals as well as animal waste or animal products,
Between touching raw foods and cooked foods,
After being in public,
Before putting on your mask,
After putting on your mask,
Before removing your mask,
After removing your mask,
After touching something in public (pens, doorknobs, mouse, tissue, chopsticks, etc.).
Avoid Sick People
It’s important to avoid people who seem to be sick. This is one of the simplest pieces of advice, but it can also be the hardest one when you have to go shopping, go to the doctor, go to work and go to school. Just keep your eyes peeled, and wash your hands often. Be careful with people who are exhibiting any symptoms. Even if those symptoms just seem like a common cold.
Stay Home When Sick
When you’re sick, you need to stay home to make sure you don’t spread your illness. If you have sick children, make sure that you do not send them to school. You also need to keep them from playing with other children. If there is any chance that you are sick, you need to not visit family members or friends. This is especially important when they are elderly, infants of those that immunocompromised.
Cover Your Nose and Mouth
When you sneeze or cough, it’s important to completely cover your mouth or nose with a tissue. It’s vital that you throw away used tissues as well since the virus can live on surfaces.
It’s important that you clean surfaces frequently. Make sure to clean object sand surfaces that are often touched or those that are shared. The CDC warns that you can contract this virus by simply touching a doorknob that’s been infected.
Don’t Hug or Shake Hands
If there are reports of the virus spreading in your area, you must not hug people or shake hands. It’s also recommended that you get disposable gloves to reduce your risk of getting sick due to shared surfaces. This will extend to not kissing someone who may be infected. Even if you’re just kissing them on the cheek. You’ll also want to avoid sharing food, utensils or cups with anyone.
Get a Flu Shot
No, this will not magically prevent you from getting human coronavirus, but it will keep you from suffering due to a rundown immune system. It can also help you to avoid the doctor when it’s preventable. This will help you from having to be in the area with human coronavirus patients.
Good Sleep and Fluids
Your immune system is going to be your best asset, so you must take care of it. To do that, you need to stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water, and then make sure that you get at least seven to eight hours of sleep a night. Ignoring dehydration or not getting enough sleep can make it difficult for your immune system to function properly.
Be Cautious with Raw Meat and Eggs
It’s important to not eat or handle raw meat. The same goes for eggs. While this is still a source of debate, there is some evidence that suggests that both raw meat and eggs can be carriers for the disease. For the same reason, you must steer clear of wild animals, which is more important if you visit China.
Disinfect Surfaces Daily
You must disinfect surfaces that are touched often. Make confident it’s a product that kills viruses. It’s important to remember that human coronavirus can linger on surfaces for a long time, so make sure to disinfect doorknobs, countertops, as well as faucets. You’ll want to either spray disinfectant or use bleach wipes to clean surfaces every day. As a tip, make sure that the surface stays wet for about ten minutes so that it effectively kills the virus and eliminates its ability to linger. This is extremely important if you’re in a work environment.
In your home, you’ll need to disinfect your front doorknob, kitchen counters, faucets, and bathroom counters the most. At work, you’ll also want to clean these surfaces, but stair railings can be important to clean too. If you want to make disinfectant water, just mix a cup of bleach with a gallon of warm water.
What About a Mask?
The real reason people wear a face mask is so that someone infected do not spread the illness through sneezing or coughing. Therefore, it’s not usually recommended that a healthy person wear them. However, if you are in an area where an outbreak is currently and you feel you are at a higher risk than normal, these face masks can offer you some protection. Of course, this is only with the right mask.
If you do decide to wear a mask, it’s important to know how to wear one properly. It’s fairly harder than just putting it on. Paper surgical masks require the following steps. You must wash your hands and wrists with soap and water. Alcohol hand sanitizer can also be used if it’s in contact for twenty seconds. The wire side needs to go on top, which you should be able to feel on the top portion of your mask. If you have a mask that has blue on it, the blue faces out, and your mask needs to be placed over your ears. Make sure to pinch the wire at the nasal bridge to ensure a good fit. Pull the bottom of your mask down for it to cover your chin, and make sure the nasal area has been formed well. If your mask is on correctly, it should not interfere with glasses or sunglasses. A mask that’s been placed properly, it will not fog up your glasses.
Here are a few more things you need to remember about using a mask properly. You should not touch the mask while you’re using it, and if you do, you’ll need to wash your hands immediately after. You can’t reuse a single-use mask. You can’t wear a single mask for more than one day. If you meet sick people, it may be best to give them a mask as well.
Some More Tips
Both the CDC and the FAD advises that you keep a three-day supply of food and water for every member of your family. If it ends up becoming a serious issue for the US, there may be further quarantine zones required. It may also be best to stay in your home until the virus passes. Many Wuhan residents have talked to the media about not having enough food since their grocery shelves is nearly empty. As far as good news, the city is getting grocery deliveries daily, and there are a few stores that remain open.
Sadly, even with this the supplies run out by mid-morning, and vehicle traffic is banned in the city center Wuhan. Even if you aren’t worried about an outbreak in your city, getting a three-day supply of food for every member of your family is still wise. Of course, it’s important to realize that there is no reason to rush out and buy from your local grocery store right away. This is just a precaution you’ll want to adhere to if your local area has several cases that start to grow.
Developing Your Immune System
A good diet as well as making sure you get the right vitamins and minerals will help to make your immune system stronger. Your immune system is your greatest asset when fighting against any outbreak, especially if effective treatment is still being developed. For example, if you lack vitamin C, you’ll get sick more easily. Vitamin B6 helps to support biochemical reactions, and vitamin E helps your body to fight off infections.