Human implantation is a timely stage-managed three-step process including embryo apposition, adhesion and invasion. Implantation needs a precise modulation of the endometrium to achieve the window of implantation that is delimited over time. In addition, adhesion and invasion involve a complicated cross talk between the embryo and the endometrium. Both processes are still incompletely understood. Read more
Although the development of the first-trimester prenatal diagnosis has significantly improved the potential to avoid genetic diseases, selective abortion are still a major issue in the case of an affected fetus. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is used as an option to avoid the birth of an affected child without the need for selective abortion as an obligatory component within the prevention program. The below introduction describes these important developments addressing specifically the issues of PGD implementation within infertility treatments. Read more
The fundamental infertility evaluation includes a number of medical tests: transvaginal ultrasound, bloodstream tests, examination of the fallopian tubes (for a female partner) and semen analysis (for a male partner).
Transvaginal ultrasound enables a fertility specialist to evaluate the condition of the uterus and the ovaries. During this infertility evaluation, a fertility specialist may uncover uterine irregularities, for example fibroids (benign abnormal formations of the uterus) or uterine polyps (benign abnormal formations in the lining of the uterus). Ultrasonography may also identify the position of the ovaries and detect the amount of hair follicles present (antral follicle count), which correlates with the woman’s reaction to fertility medications. Additionally, a study of the ovaries may reveal the existence of abnormal ovarian growths, for example endometriomas, dermoid growths or – in rare cases – precancerous and cancerous lesions. Read more
There are too many different fertility treatment options
Talking about assisted reproduction technology (ART) itself, we know too many different fertility treatment options, aimed at helping infertile couples in the birth of their long-awaited child. Such fertility treatment options as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or artificial insemination (AI) are used often. However, with the technology development more fertility specialists refer to the IVF, ISCI or third-party reproduction methods, including either sperm donation, or egg donation, or gestational surrogacy, or combination of them.
We will briefly introduce some of fertility treatment options hereafter and will talk about the key fertility treatment options in the sections that follow. Read more
A third party reproduction includes any process where a person apart from intended parents desiring to have a child provides sperm, or eggs, or use of a uterus to help someone else to have a child. For several years, a third party reproduction was restricted to using donor sperm.
Using donor sperm increased greatly in the 1960s, and the first commercial donor sperm bank opened up in 1971. However, it was not until the development of In vitro fertilization (IVF) and its resulting growth that the third party reproduction started to draw significant attention. The very first IVF-made birth happened in England in 1978, after many years of work. The first IVF birth in Ukraine happened almost 26 years ago. Read more
Parents Life is the leading provider of fertility treatments to couples from Ukraine and abroad since 2013.